Lecture Details :
Advanced Hydrology by Dr. Ashu Jain, Department of Civil Engineering,IIT Kanpur.For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
Course Description :
INTRODUCTION : Hydrologic cycle, water budget equation, world water quantities, residence time, systems concept, transfer function operators, hydrologic model classification.
HYDROLOGIC PROCESSES : Reynold's Transport Theorem, continuity equation, momentum equation, energy equation, discrete time continuity.
ATMOSPHERIC HYDROLOGY : Atmospheric circulation, water vapor, formation of rainfall, types and forms of precipitation, precipitable water, monsoon characteristics in India, rainfall measurement, density and adequacy of rain gauges;
Thunderstorm Cell model, IDF relationships, spatial averaging methods of rainfall;Factors affecting evaporation, estimation and measurement of evaporation, energy balance method, aerodynamic method, Priestly-Taylor method, and pan evaporation.
SUB-SURFACE WATER : Soil moisture, porosity, saturated and unsaturated flow; Richard's equation, infiltration, Horton's Phillip's, and Green Ampt methods, parameter estimation, ponding time concepts.
SURFACE WATER : Catchment storage concept, Hortonian and saturation overland flow, streamflow hydrographs, base-flow separation.
Phi-index, ERH & DRH, algorithm for abstraction using Green-Ampt equation, SCS method, overland and channel flow modeling, time area concepts, and stream networks.
UNIT HYDROGRAPH : General hydrologic system model, response functions of a linear hydrologic systems and their inter-relationships, convolution equation; definition and limitations of a UH;UH derivation from single and complex storms; UH optimization using regression. matrix, and LP methods;
Synthetic unit hydrograph, S-Curve, IUH.
HYDROLOGIC STATISTICS : Probability concepts, random variables, laws of probability, PDFs & CDFs;Normal and Binomial distributions; Statistical parameters: expected value, variance, skewness, and peakedness;
Fitting of a probability distribution, methods of moments and maximum likelihood: Testing the goodness of fit, Chi-square test;
Frequency analysis: return period, probability plotting, Extreme value distributions, frequency factors, Log-Pearson distribution, confidence limits.
GROUNDWATER HYDROLOGY : Occurrence of groundwater, aquifers & their properties, Darcy's law, permeability, transmissibility, stratification, confined groundwater flow, unconfined groundwater flow under Dupit's assumptions;
Well hydraulics, steady flow into confined and unconfined wells; Unsteady flow in a confined aquifer.